Carpet cleaning is not just a common cleaning task – for many professionals, it’s become almost an art form. Understanding the different types of carpeting, what they’re made of, and how they behave under cleaning is critical for even a basic skill set. These tidbits about different carpet types can enhance expertise in this field and make tasks easier: 

Nylon is King: 

Did you know that nylon is the most common fiber used in carpets today? Probably. But do you know why? Nylon is durable, resists stains, and cleans easily. What else could one want? Because it’s also affordable, nylon carpets are often the preferred choice for high-traffic areas in all sorts of spaces where visitors may tread — especially offices, where rolling chairs and scooting furniture may cause challenges.   

Wooly Bully: 

It may seem like a joke, but wool carpets have a certain charm, and many building designers prefer them because they offer a lovely appearance, but also a soft, luxurious feel. Carpets made from wool are not only soft and comfortable, but also naturally resistant to flames and have excellent stain-repelling qualities — who knew? It comes at a cost, though. Wool requires special care, and cleaning it too carelessly or roughly can cause permanent damage.   

Stain Resistance: 

Olefin, also known as polypropylene, is a material renowned for its exceptional resistance to both moisture and stains. Carpeting made from olefin is often used in areas that are more prone to spills and moisture, such as basements, outdoor spaces (and a child’s bedroom). However, they can be challenging to clean if they get too dirty, as the oils and soils can become tightly trapped, resulting in a worn and dingy appearance

The Colors: 

Polyester-based carpeting is often used because of the ability to offer vibrant and long-lasting colors. They are often used residentially, such as in bedrooms and low-traffic areas, due to their softer texture and cheaper price point. However, polyester fibers are more susceptible to what’s known as crushing and matting — so regular maintenance is needed to keep them looking good. 


A substance called Triexta is a relatively new carpet fiber, and it reportedly combines the durability of nylon with increased stain resistance. It's often used in homes with active families or pet owners, as it can withstand heavy use and is easy to clean (particulary smells). Triexta carpets are known to last quite a while. 

All-Natural Fibers: 

Carpeting that is made from natural fibers like sisal, seagrass, and jute are some recent eco-friendly options that may help one feel a little closer to nature. However, these types of substances are more susceptible to staining and moisture damage, so they require a gentle touch when it comes to developing a cleaning and maintenance strategy. Otherwise, the appearance deteriorates quickly.