Over the past five years, steam cleaning, a process that heats tap water to 300 degrees and creates a gas vapor, has been growing in popularity among facilities looking to eliminate chemical exposure to cleaning personnel and building occupants.

With steam cleaning, end users are able to penetrate the pores of any surface in their respective facilities. As the vapor enters into the pore, it expands and forces all the dirt from the bottom of the surface up to the top.

Cleaning professionals use these machines to clean and restore a variety of naturally hard floor surfaces, including tile, stone, marble, granite and hardwood floors.

The process is quite simple. Because water has an ability to hold energy, steam is a very efficient vehicle for transmitting heat energy to a surface. The transfer disrupts the bonds holding the dirt to surfaces and, in many cases, liquefies the soil itself, making it easier for removal and the surface is disinfected.

Steam systems are especially effective on irregular, uneven or textured surfaces.