The first human-to-human transmission of the H7N9 strain of avian influenza (bird flu) has been confirmed in China in a report published by The British Medical Journal.

The H7N9 strain, discovered in April of this year, has so far infected at least 133 people in China and Taiwan, including 43 fatalities. According to the report, a woman in the Jiangsu province of eastern China became infected with the H7N9 strain after caring for her father, who had contracted it from a poultry market. Up until the journal’s study, all other cases of the virus had been linked to direct contact with poultry, reports ISSA.

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